Ameriguns

The Origins of Gun Culture

Fighting for independence : the Revolutionary War of 1775

Listen to the MP3 below and answer the questions with complete sentences

What did the American colonies do ?

Why was this war difficult to win for the colonists ?

On top of that, what were the colonists’ obligations ?

What types of arms did they use ?

What tactics did the colonists use ?

What did the American think of the British government ? (2 elements)

As a conclusion, how do the Americans view guns ?

Fighting for territory : the westward expansion from 1804

Listen to the MP3 below and do the exercise

What did the Americans believe at that time ?

They believed it was their …………….. given destiny to ………………….. the continent from the ……………………. to the ……………………… in order to complete the great …………………… of ………………….. and ……………………….  freedom.

How did people use arms ?

Families heading …………….. in waggon ………………… kept guns for similar reasons to the…………… ; ………………… and …………………. themselves from the people whose land they were ………………..  and ………………..

What problems did they meet ?

Sometimes killing ……….…… caused violence with the ……………….. and with the discovery of gold, single …………… opportunists were drawn out ; many of them …………..……. resulting in ……………….  and ………………….

So there were guns for …………………….. and for ……………………..

Finally as the railroad came through, …………….. forts were built on native ………………. causing frictions between the natives and the ……………… who were ……………… with guns. The wild west became a place known for their ……………… …………. but also where ………..seekers with guns often …………………… law ……………

This created a new ………… to the American gun culture from the fear of the ……………… , the fear of our ……………………, the fear of ………………….. and now the ………………. spirit of going alone, all of these play a part in this …………………….. story.

The right to bear arms : the Second Amendment

Listen to the MP3 below and do the exercise

Date : ………………………………………………….

Previous (= antérieure) situation : …………………………………………………………………

What was decided ? It was decided that the ………………… of ……………….. and militias was something so ………………. that they were protected …………………..

After the Revolutionary War, Americans were ……………… never to be stripped of their ………. again and never to be subjected to ……………….. rule.(…)

Finally, because they became …………. that ………….. couldn’t be maintained ………… guns as white slave …………. in areas with large slave ………………… were completely ………………. and vulnerable to ……………., Americans ……………. guns.

Who supports this amendment ?……………………………………………………..

How do they support it ? ………………………………………………………………………….

What feeling do they have towards the ones who want to change this amendment ? …………………………………………………………………………………………

Today, this subject is : futile / crucial / divisive ( [dɪˈvaɪsɪv])/ divides people (circle the correct answers)

What conclusion does the young man draw ? …………………………………………………….

The situation today, a few extreme situations....

Once Upon a gun

A CBS report about the rewriting of Hansel and Gretel ‘s fairy tale by the NRA for their website.

This NRA’s campaign angered gun control advocates (partisans / supporters)

The NRA in brief :

NGO ( = non-governmental organization) founded in 1871

– they advocate gun rights : this is an advocacy group ( = un groupe de pression) = a lobby.

– membership= 5 million

– They lobby / put pressure on politicians to ensure / secure their rights.

– They are highly criticized by gun control groups especially after school mass shootings.

In Little Red Riding Hood, the granny packs heat (= she carries a shot gun) while in Hansel and Gretel, Gretel shoots down a buck (= un cerf)

These stories were written by bloggers (= youtubers) like Amelia Hamilton who is the present interviewee.

For her, these stories are both for children and adults alike and focus on safety.

The voice-off gives figures (= chiffres) from a gun control group called Every Town for Gun Safety : at least (= au moins) 278 children shot themselves or someone else accidentally last year.

They accuse the NRA of self promotting their group ; their aim would be to sell weapons (/ˈwɛpənz/), reaching out to young children to turn them into (= transform) customers (= buyers / clients (/ˈklaɪənts/) once they are adults.

The female campaigner answers back saying that the criticism had come from people who had not read (/ˈred/) the stories in which nobody is shot but scared away.

Only one kid said that Cinderella’s step mother would have backed off (= retreated) if the girl had carried / held a glock (= un flingue).

Additional document

Ces dernières semaines, deux fusillades, l’une à Atlanta, l’autre à Boulder dans le Colorado, ont une fois de plus remis sur le tapis la question de la régulation du port d’armes aux États-Unis. De l’extérieur, ce débat semble se trouver dans une impasse. Les mentalités, pourtant, changent peu à peu. Découvrez le point de vue de Joe Biden sur la régulation de l’achat d’armes aux États-Unis, alors que le pays fait à nouveau face à une série de fusillades.

More about minutemen and militias

At the birth of the nation....

Now....