Fictions et Réalités: YA Literature and dystopias

With the help of the chart (= tableau) below, imagine 6 questions focusing on your school mates’ reading habits. Ex: What type of books do you read?

Question words

Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters ‘W’ and ‘H’.

Question words

Meaning

Examples

who

person

Who’s that? That’s Nancy.

where

place

Where do you live? In Boston

why

reason

Why do you sleep early? Because I’ve got to get up early

when

time

When do you go to work? At 7:00

how

manner

How do you go? By car

what

object, idea or action

What do you do? I am an engineer

which

choice

Which one do you prefer? The red one.

whose

possession

Whose is this book? It’s Alan’s.

whom

object of the verb

Whom did you meet? I met the manager.

what kind

description

What kind of music do you like? I like quiet songs

what time

time

What time did you come home?

how many

quantity (countable)

How many students are there? There are twenty.

how much

amount, price (uncountable)

How much time have we got? Ten minutes

how long

duration, length

How long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks.

how often

frequency

How often do you go to the gym? Twice a week.

how far

distance

How far is your school? It’s one mile far.

how old

age

How old are you? I’m 16.

how come

reason

How come I didn’t see you at the party?

 

How do they help us understand reality?

Vocabulary List

Fiction

Young Adult Literature

Dystopia

dystopian fiction

speculative fiction

an ideal

a novel

a plot

social science-fiction

a series

a tale

a utopia

eerie

oddly familiar

fictional

fictitious

uncanny

to find out

to look for

to make up stories

to mimic

Realistic

fiction

non fiction

fantasy

horror

graphic novel

comics

set in the real

contemporary

addressing issues

Exploring diversity : cultural, gender, ability, and sexual orientation

innovation

experimentation

from 12 to 18

a dictatorship

censorship

the law

tyranny

dismal

insane

totalitarian

unacceptable

to ban / to forbid

to give in

to give up

 

Definitions of the terms Fiction, Young Adult Literature and Dystopia.

Dystopian Literature

Main information :

– A few examples of dystopian literature : The Hunger Games, Delirium, I Robot

– Key elements of the genre : an imaginary futurisitic world / oppression and control of government – society – firm.

– It starts with a perfect society

– A dystopian story shows what would happen if….and aims at criticising our present society.

– This genre was born at the end of the 19th C with The Time Machine by H.G. Wells.

– In the first part of the 20th C. it was used to criticise Socialism and communism (Brave New World / Anthem / 1984 / Fahrenheit 451)

– Most novels were targeted at adults.

– The first young adults dystopia was The Giver by Lois Lowry in 1993.

– Since then , this genre has been very successful with young adults (Among the Hidden / The House of the Scorpion / Uglies / The Maze Runner / Feed / The City of Ember / Bar Code Tattoo / The Forest of Hands and Teeth / Divergent / Matched / Delirium

– Its ingredients :

a society controlled by its government or technology or its religion or ideas.

a society based on lies.

a disaster is often at the origin of this dystopian society.

individuality is banned and conformity is imposed.

Citizens are dehumanized.

Under a perfect image, citizens are kept under control thanks to propaganda.

The main character of the story is not fooled (= être dupe) and questions (= remettre en question) the principles of the society

– Its themes and messages :

the danger of government’s control and particular policies which reduce individual liberties.

the importance of knowledge and truth

yielding (fournir) one’s personnal data to someone else.

forsaking (= abandoning) one’s individuality.

The danger of technology.

The danger of desensitisation

Young Adult Literature

Dystopia

The Seven Sisters

the Seven Sisters trailer

Watch the trailer, answer the questions and then sum it up.

a) Pick up key words, audio elements, informations about the atmosphere.

b) In your opinion, what sort of document is it ? What do you expect to see ?

c) Focus on the elements of story. (setting, characters, society)

d) Then, what happens ?

e) What is the purpose of this document ?