RELATION AU MONDE: puissance et influence : Le Common Wealth

The Common Wealth: Vocabulary List

From the British Empire to the modern Commonwealth of nations

3 key words to keep in mind :

The size of the British empire

2 reasons for developping it

How did the Empire develop ?

First blow for the British empire :

Turning point in the late 18th C- early 19thC : the Second British Empire was composed of….

Charateristic of its relationships with indigenous people / examples:

The example of slavery : give a figure and it simpact – How did slavery evolve?

The ending of the British Empire

The new institution

Commonwealth of Nations: introduction

Definition 

Common points

Goal 

Number 

Structure

Fields of competence

Member countries

Commonwealth Day

Commonwealth Games

Their various names  / Why did the naming change ?

Frequency

Its evolution

Number of people concerned

Person in charge of the inauguration of the Games

Characteristics of Australia and its Games

Why ?

The emblem of the Games

Impact in the world

Poster: World War 2: a family affair

Questions

1.What kind of poster is it ? Why does it illustrate the Commonwealth’s golden age

2.What happened to the nations belonging to the Commonwealth after WW2?

3.Are the bonds with the UK as strong as they used to be ? How did they evolve ?

Word bank :

Common = joint

Faire front commun / être solidaire = to stand together

To give something to someone = to provide someone with something

considerable / consequential = substantial

Pallier / rattraper / combler = to make up

to count on = to rely on

Terre-Neuve = NewFoundland

India + Pakistan before 1947 (Partition) = Undivided India

Text 1: The Future of Commonwealth

Questions

  1. Explain the expression « Commonwealth’ golden age ».
  2. Contrast this perception of a « golden age » with the reality.
  3. Can the UK’s post-Brexit intentions become reality?

Word bank

Des liens étroits = tight ties (a tie)

Ex = former

To decrease / to decline = To wane

Un fournisseur = a supplier

Etre impatient de faire quelque chose = to be eager to do something

Rallumer / raviver / relancer = to rekindle

rappeler quelque chose à quelqu’un = To remind someone of something

To remember / to bring to mind = to recall

Un lien commercial = a trade link

Profiter de quelque chose = to make the most of something

se rendre compte = to realise

Text 2: The evolution of a former colony

Questions

  1. What do you learn about the author of the document?
  2. How did India use to be seen by Americans?
  3. What has changed in the perception and status of India?

Word Bank :

avoir l’habitude de faire quelque chose = to be used to doing something

faire quelque chose dans le passé qu’on ne fait plus à présent = used to do something

délocalisation = outsourcing

contrary to = unlike

success = achievement

prouesse / talent = prowess

ne plus être vu comme= to no longer be seen as

embourbé / enlisé dans = mired in

successful / flourishing = thriving

rivaliser à = to vie with

to underline : to stress = to highlight

Translation Practice

 » For sure, the Commonwealth will not turn into a British-led military alliance.

The United states will remain the UK’s key security partner.

Britain will not be able to wield political leadership over the Commonwealth.

Could galvanising Commonwealth trade resolve possible economic difficulties after Brexit ?

Australia, New Zealand, India and some smaller Commonwealth members want to increase trade with Britain.

Yet, these countries are more interested in selling goods to Britain rather than buying British goods.

It will take considerable time and effort to alter this balance, especially since Commonwealth countries long ago found alternative regional markets.

Much will also depend on what kind of future trade deals Britain negociates with both the EU and the United states ».

What do you think?

  1. Will the UK be stronger without the EU?
  2. Do you think that Great Britain has illusions about itself?
  3. Are there new forms of colonisation today?
  4. What is the British Dream?
  5. What is the reverse brain drain?

Grammar Time: Reported speech

The rule

Rapporter des paroles au style indirect entraine une série de transformations qui concernent les formes verbales, les pronoms, les repères de lieux de te temps

Les verbes introducteurs du style indirect

Les formes verbales : correspondances

Attention : On maintient le prétérit lorsque l’énoncé décrit une habitude.

Ex : « I often saw her in those days » / He said that he often saw her in those days.

Même chose avec les verbes d’état (les verbes be et have + ceux qui font référence aux sens, sentiments et activités mentales) et dans les subordonnées avec WHEN.

Ex : « It was too late when I got there. » / He said that it was too late when he got there.

Les pronoms: correspondances

Les repères de lieu et de temps: correspondances

Discours direct 

Discours indirect

Now

Then

Tonight

That night

Yesterday

The day before/The previous day

Tomorrow

The next day/The following day

Last

Previous

Next

The following

This

That

These

Those

Here

There

Exercises

From direct to reported speech

Emily: « Our teacher will go to Leipzig tomorrow. »
Emily said (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Helen: « I was writing a letter yesterday. »
Helen told me (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Robert: « My father flew to Dallas last year. »
Robert told me (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Lisa: « Tim went to the stadium an hour ago. »
Lisa said (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Patricia: « My mother will celebrate her birthday next weekend. »
Patricia said (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Michael: « I am going to read a book this week. »
Michael said to me (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Jason and Victoria: « We will do our best in the exams tomorrow. »
Jason and Victoria told me (that) …………………………………………………………………

Andrew: « We didn’t eat fish two days ago. »
Andrew remarked (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Alice: « I spent all my pocket money on Monday. »
Alice complained (that) ………………………………………………………………………………

Make a new sentence with the same meaning using the reporting verb in brackets.

1. « You shouldn’t go into the water » said the coast guard.

(advise against) …………………………………………………………………………

2. « I’ll go to France on holiday » said John.

(decide, using infinitive) …………………………………………………………………………

3) « I think you should go to the dentist » Julie said to Tom.

(advise, using infinitive) …………………………………………………………………………

4) « Watch out for the weak bridge » he said.

(warn, using ‘about’) …………………………………………………………………………

5) « You should apply for the job » said Jack to Stella.

(encourage) …………………………………………………………………………

6) « Okay, Keiko can go to the party » said Keiko’s mum.

(agree, using clause) …………………………………………………………………………

7) « The class will start later on Tuesdays » said the teacher to us.

(explain + clause) …………………………………………………………………………

8) « It’s a great idea to go to the beach » said Maria.

(recommend + verb-ing) …………………………………………………………………………

9) « Don’t cross the road there » she said to the children.

(warn, using infinitive) …………………………………………………………………………

10) « I’ll make the coffee! » said David.

(insist + on) …………………………………………………………………………