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Sport and society: Sportspeople take a stand

Eric Reid #35 and Colin Kaepernick #7 of the San Francisco 49ers kneel on the sideline, during the anthem, prior to the game against the Carolina Panthers at Bank of America Stadium in Charlotte, N.C., on Sept. 18, 2016.
Michael Zagaris—Getty Images – Photo extracted from Time Magazine

The scene is taking place in a stadium / arena

Colin Kaepernick, who is a famous American football player is kneeling down while everybody is standing and listening to the National Anthem before the beginning of a game.

This gesture is quite funny / strange / normal / unexpected / expected / unusual / usual.

The other players and the public (or the crowd) are standing and placing their hands on their hearts because they want to show respect to the anthem and the nation.

By kneeling down, Colin and his team mate are protesting against police violence towards black people.

I think his action is meaningful.

He is brave to act this way.

Summary of the video

Kaepernick was strongly criticized for not standing during the national anthem but he is deeply committed to continue his protest against police brutality.
He disapproves the way the police behave towards Black people. He will not give up. He is determined to raise people’s awareness. He wore socks depicting police officers as pigs.
He fights against racism and discrimination. He defends the Black Lives Matter movement.
Some supporters have decided not to support him anymore because of what he did. They have even burnt the athlete’s jersey to show their disapproval

Lisez le résumé ci-dessus et utilisez les mots pour traduire les phrases ci-dessous.

Donald Trump a critiqué l’attitude de Kaepernik.

Le joueur a refusé de rester debout pendant l’hymne national.

Il s’oppose vivement à la brutalité policière.

Il n’est pas d’accord avec la façon dont sont traités les noirs.

Il n’abandonnera pas le combat.

Il est déterminé à aider sa communauté.

Parviendra-t-il à sensibiliser les blancs ?

Vont-il le soutenir ?

Donald Trump criticized Kaepernik’s attitude.

The player refused to stand during the national anthem.

He strongly protests against police brutality.

He doesn’t approve / doesn’t agree with the way black people are treated.

He will not give up the fight.

He is determined to help his community.

Will he succeed in raising awareness among whites?

Will they support him?

 

 

The Black Lives Matter Movement

What happened before BLM?

a) On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks (to board) a city bus and (to sit) with 3 other Blacks in the 5th row (= rangée) , the 1st row that Blacks (can) occupy. A few stops later, the 4 front rows (to fill) with Whites and one white man (to stand). According to the law, Blacks and Whites (can) not occupy the same row, so the bus driver (to ask) all 4 Blacks seated in the 5th row to move. 3 (to obey) but Rosa Parks (to refuse). She (to arrest)

boarded sat could were filled was standing could asked obeyed refused was arrested

b) After the arrest, the black community (to decide) to boycott the buses. Everyone (to walk), (to ride) in a friend’s car or (to take) a taxi. The protest (to be) a success, everyone (to realize) that no one (to ride) those buses. Big crowds (to gather) in churches and a leader (to emerge). Loudspeakers (to use) so that those who could not get in could hear what (to happen). As Martin Luther King (to make) his speech, even more people (to show) up. It (to get) dark when everyone returned to their homes. They (to stay) off the buses until they (can) ride them with dignity. Blacks (to return) to the buses on December 21, 1956, over a year after the boycott (to begin).

decided walked rode took was was riding gathered emerged were used was happening was making showed up got stayed could returned began c. was assassinated was shot was going was taken died broke were held stood

c) On April 4th 1968, Martin Luther King (to assassinate) by a sniper. He (to shoot) in Memphis, where he (to go) to lead a march (…) He (to take) to hospital where he (to die) (…) A massive wave of violence (to break out) all over the country (…) In several countries, marches (to hold) to honour the memory of a man who (to stand up) for justice and peace.

was assassinated ● was shot ● was going ● was taken ● died ● broke ● were held ● stood

1) What is the source of the document

It is sky sports news (Nov, 22, 2022)

Sky Sports is the dominant subscription television sports brand in the United Kingdom and Ireland. It has played a major role in the increased commercialisation of British sport since 1991, and has sometimes played a large role inducing organisational changes in the sports it broadcasts. (Wikipedia)

2) What is the subject of the video ?

In a protest, Iran’s World Cup players refuse to sing the national anthem. Iran’s national team stayed silent during the country’s national anthem ahead of their Monday match in the FIFA World Cup.

3) Do you know what event is at the origin of the problem ?

Hundreds of protestors have died in Tehran and other cities following the death in morality police custody of Mahsa Amini two months ago. The 22-year-old woman died in a prison having been arrested for not wearing her hijab correctly.

Listenings two and three

4) What did the captain of the team say before the tournament ?

He said that the Iran national team supported the protesters who had died in Iran those past weeks.

5) How many people died during the protests ? 400

6) How many people were arrested ? 16,800

7) Who are they demonstrating against ? The government

8) When did the protests start ? 2 months ago

9) How did the fans react when they saw that the players were not singing the anthem ? They clapped their hands

In your opinion, why? They were happy to see that the team supported the protesters in Iran.

10) Who was the only one who sang ? An official next to the coach Carlos Queiroz

What nationality do you think the coach is?                                                                                                                           He must be a Portuguese (Vous êtes sûr à 90%)

He may / might be Spanish or Italian (50% de certitude)

11) How did the coach react to what his players did on the football / soccer field / pitch ?

He was very proud of them /pleased / happy with their reaction / glad they had reacted this way

12) Who was their competitor and how many goals did the team score ?

It was England and they scored 2 goals.

13) What does he advise (= conseiller) people to do ?

 The Iranian supporters who don’t agree with what the team did should stay in Iran.

14) The coach says : »We don’t need (= avoir besoin de) them » Who are « them » ?

The supporters who do not support the team’s action / support to the protesters.

15) Fill in the blanks

because to have fans that only support the team when we are winning, we don’t need them.

The BLM movement

– Le mouvement est né en 2013.

– L’origine du mouvement: En 2012, un jeune afro-américain est mort, tué par un blanc qui pensait que le jeune homme / celui-ci était en train de commetre un crime.

– Le blanc fut arrêté mais la justice ne le condamna pas.

– Donc une vague de protestations éclata dans le pays.

– Un hashtage fut créé pour soutenir le mouvement et beaucoup de sportifs et de célébrités se joignèrent au mouvement.

-Depuis, BLM s’est répandu dans le monde entier.

Word bank :

Verbs

commettre = to commit

créer= to create

soutenir= to support

se joindre à= to join

se répandre= to spread

Nouns

une vague= a wave

un sportif = an athlete /ˈæθliːt /

dans le monde entier= all over the world